With more than a trillion dollars’ worth of trade annually, China is the largest trading partner of the United States. Americans and their families have long dreamed of visiting China. However, in the past few years, the country’s government has become increasingly restrictive in its attempts to keep travelers from entering the country, especially those wishing to visit Hong Kong or Macau.
When traveling to China, there are a number of factors that can increase the likelihood of getting barred from entering the country. The authorities may refuse entry to tourists who belong to certain ethnic groups. They may also bar tourists based on their gender. The country’s refusal to allow women to participate in some sports events may be the result of gender discrimination. The same is true of children of foreign parents.
In recent times, Chinese citizens traveling abroad have become increasingly susceptible to illness due to contact with imported disease-causing bacteria, as well as the handling of contaminated objects. There have been rumors that foreign viruses have been circulating in China. It is not uncommon for citizens to bring with them infected objects such as body fluids, vomit, or other bodily waste. These have been handled in open, unsanitary settings, and have led to the introduction of strict quarantines for travelers to China.
Although these measures have decreased the risk of illness, they have not eased the need for travelers to comply with sanitary and travel restrictions. Sanitation restrictions, for example, still exist in China, and enforcement of these laws can result in detentions and sometimes prison time for individuals who fail to adhere to these requirements. In addition, the consistent application of Chinese law continues to ban the entry of foreigners who are guilty of crimes, regardless of their nationality.
Sanctions against certain individuals have also increased due to the prevalence of Chinese citizens traveling abroad. For example, in 2021 the United States implemented sanctions on China for failing to disclose technology related to ballistic missiles that ended up in the hands of terrorist groups. In addition, in 2021 the European Union placed sanctions on China for failing to take measures to prevent the theft of intellectual property belonging to its citizens. Sanctions against specific countries may be imposed for violation of the rights of Chinese citizens within their country.
Additionally, China has employed a variety of methods to implementing travel restrictions. The most restrictive method to date is barring Chinese from entering the country via flights, which currently impacts millions of tourists. On several occasions, authorities have introduced a ban on flights, only to retract them after tourism has declined. More recently, the bans have extended to automobiles, which are being limited to foreigners coming from certain areas, such as the special economic zones around the major cities. Furthermore, new flights to and from Hong Kong and Macau have been banned, in addition to all flights from the Special Economic Zone.
The bans are affecting tourism in a big way, with many visitors traveling to China via planes instead of arriving by road. This has created havoc with plans by the U.S. to increase its presence in China through its trading partners. As a result, the Chinese government has issued several warnings to foreign nationals visiting China to depart for Hong Kong and Macau, due to “security issues”. Travelers are also advised to check with their local consulates, which are normally posting similar advice and travel advice for Chinese citizens. Additionally, if you are traveling to China on business, your travel agent may be able to offer advice regarding the travel advisories issued by local authorities.
For citizens of the U.S., the travel warning that was issued on April 15th stated that citizens were advised to avoid all travel to northern China and Shanghai. Specifically, this warning affects all trains and buses operating between the U.S. and China, regardless of their destination. Additionally, all flights scheduled to leave China will not be permitted to land in northern China. The U.S. embassy in China has issued similar advisories for citizens traveling to China. The Chinese government has issued a travel advisory that citizens should adhere to and now the Chinese government has banned all traveling to and from Hong Kong and Macau by foreign nationals, except for officials of the Chinese diplomatic community.