To effectively curb the further spread of rotavirus, travel to Canada is limited across all provincial and municipal ports of entry. Travel to Canada is not restricted on air travel either. Travel to Canada by land can be controlled to a certain extent through sanitary requirements and practices. While visiting Canada by land, you will need a passport for international travel and a visa if traveling to Canada by air. The main areas of concern when travelling to Canada by road are:
The most important information regarding travel to Canada requires you to have current travel documents in order to enter Canada. It is not sufficient to rely only on a passport when traveling to Canada. Although this is the most widely used document for entering Canada, it does not provide enough of a security clearance to protect you against disease carrying mosquitoes and other carriers of communicable diseases. It is important to apply for and receive a temporary resident visa (TR visa) before travel to Canada. The temporary resident visa is valid for a specific period of time and can be renewed upon expiry.
Canadian immigration authorities strictly enforce the law of Canada and have tightened their borders to reduce the threat of illegal immigration. Immigration officials do not allow Canadian citizens to stay beyond the point of arrival in Canada. For many illegal immigrants and other individuals from foreign countries, this has meant that they cannot travel to Canada for any reason. However, there are exceptions to the rule and some foreign nationals from Canada who may be allowed entry into the country. A foreign national who applies for admission as a visitor may also be eligible for conditional entry into the country without the need for a visa.
Travelling between provinces within Canada is not permitted except for emergency medical situations. For example, a patient diagnosed with cancer who should be quarantined to avoid spreading the disease to other patients. While there are no provincial restrictions on travelling between the Atlantic and Pacific provinces, those from New Brunswick are required to obtain special travel insurance to cover health risks when travelling between the two provinces. For Canadian citizens and other foreigners who are travelling between the Atlantic and Pacific provinces and need to travel to another province, they are required to apply for a personal visa, obtain approval from the IRCC before departure, and then wait in any country to board a plane to arrive in Canada.
The first step in order to enter Canada is to apply for a visa. While there are several ways to apply for a visa, the most popular way to apply for a visa is by securing a passport from a country of choice and then presenting the passport to the Immigration Officer at the border. There are some exceptions to this general rule and if a foreign national does present a passport that does not contain a valid year of entry in the country of choice, can still enter Canada. These exceptions include cases where the applicant was convicted of a criminal offence involving weapons, fraud or drug trafficking offences.
The second step in order to enter Canada is to secure a ground-to-entry, or Quarantine, visa. For Canadian citizens, a ground-to-entry visa is one that is obtained at the port of entry before travelling to Canada. For citizens of other countries travelling to Canada, an express entry visa is usually easier to acquire and take advantage of than a ground-to-entry visa. An express entry visa will usually take longer to process than a quarantined visa, however.
Once a foreign national has obtained their visa and secured their entry into Canada, it is time to consider crossing the border. When crossing the border, it is important to note that there are some differences between the Canadian immigration policies and those in the United States. As a general rule, Canadian immigration policies are more permissive toward foreign nationals who have completed the appropriate medical and cultural requirements. In addition to meeting these requirements, foreign nationals coming to Canada must also show proof that they can adhere to Canada’s immigration and visa laws.
To cross the border, a foreign national may obtain either a temporary or permanent resident visa. A temporary resident visa, or work permit, is granted based on the foreign national’s financial contribution to the country and the length of time that the applicant plans to stay in Canada. Permanent resident status, or a leave to enter Canada, cannot be granted to a foreign national who is applying under the wrong categories or who has misrepresented facts about their immigration history. A person who has previously become a resident of another country may apply for a study visa, also known as a study permit. To apply for a study visa, a foreign national must first apply for admission to the Canadian immigration program called the Canada immigration program.