Canada, at present, is experiencing a fresh outbreak of Q fever, the deadly virus that has caused numerous fatalities in several countries around the world. The virus has killed close to ten thousand people in Canada since its discovery in 2021 and continues to spread in the many corners of the country, particularly in the provinces that border the USA. The recent outbreak has led to tougher screening procedures at airports, train stations, and ports of entry. It has also made travelling to Canada more difficult than usual.
As in the case of the US, Canada’s immigration and customs officials have imposed travel restrictions to a degree not seen in over twenty years. While no one is exactly sure what the current level of Q fever is in the country, a recently concluded outbreak reveals that the Canadian polices are not always effective in containing the disease. While it was possible to enter Canada from six different countries in recent years, travellers coming from Northern Africa were only granted access to Canada using specialised entry procedures that prioritizing security. While it may be possible to gain access to Canada via other countries still suffering from outbreaks, these options do not include countries outside of the continental US.
The most pressing concern when travelling outside of the continental US is how you will get from one point in Canada to another. If you intend to enter Canada by air, there are several options for you to consider. You can fly into Vancouver or Montreal and catch a flight back to Toronto, where you can use either a direct or shared airport. Airlines have been tightening up their standards in recent years, but if you have already applied and cleared the necessary security checks, you should be able to get on an airplane to Canada without any hassles. Alternatively, you could fly into Canada and catch a return flight to Toronto, which will require a longer layover. Once you arrive in Toronto, you will have to get a visa to stay in the country.
Another concern for foreign nationals travelling to Canada is what they need to do to avoid contracting infectious diseases once they enter the country. It is important for travellers to have proof of immunization, especially if travelling to areas of the world that are known to have high levels of dangerous diseases. There are also specific requirements for travelling to Canada by bus, train or car. Foreign nationals who wish to drive can apply for a driver’s licence, but those applying for a bus or train pass will need to show proof of immunization. Those who enter Canada by bus or car will also need to follow specific quarantine rules.
As well as proof of immunization, those travelling to Canada will also need to meet some additional requirements. Health officials recommend Canadian citizens be quarantined for a period of fourteen days after arriving in the country. During this time, they will be required to follow Canadian protocol for handling traveller’s coughs and colds. They will also be required to have their face washed with soap and water daily, and will be given instructions on how to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. As well, Canadian citizens who have an active cough or cold should not be travelling without medical advice.
For those who have become permanent residents of Canada, there are a few other requirements that they will need to meet before travelling to Canada. Permanent residents must have had their citizenship status approved in Canada for at least three years. To apply for citizenship, a candidate must have passed the citizenship exam, which is administered by the Canadian Immigration Services. Permanent residents who wish to travel to Canada will need to wait for at least three years before applying for an immigrant visa.
A final consideration for those travelling to Canada is whether or not they will be eligible for a temporary resident visa (TR visa). A TR visa is usually needed when an individual or couple arrives in Canada and plans to stay for six months or more. The majority of applicants to the points system will be eligible for a TR visa; however, there are a small percentage of applicants who will not be able to receive an application accepted due to a lack of sponsorship. In these cases, they will be able to apply for an immigrant visa via the points system. For those members of the immediate family who plan on travelling to Canada, they will need to arrange an accommodation and obtain a proof of sponsorship from a member of the immediate family.
As with any country, travellers planning to travel to Canada will need to consult with their health care provider prior to departure. Travellers will be advised to be in good physical condition and to avoid travelling during the months of July and August. This is because of the widespread summer heat in the area. While the temperature may be bearable in the evening, it is still recommended that you get tested with a viral test 1 day before departure.