Whether you’re a first time traveler to China or a seasoned traveler to this part of the world, you’ll want to make sure you do your research before heading there. There are plenty of risks to consider before heading there, including health issues and exit bans.
Health screening requirements
Whether you are traveling to China for business or pleasure, there are health screening requirements you should know. These can change at any time, so it’s best to check with your travel agent and Chinese embassy for the latest information.
If you are traveling to China from India, you will be required to take epidemic prevention measures before you board your flight. This includes taking two nucleic acid tests for COVID-19. During your travels, you will also be required to complete health monitoring for 5 days.
For most travelers, a YF vaccine is recommended. Depending on your visa, you may be required to submit proof of vaccination. A TBE vaccine is also recommended for those with extensive tick exposure.
Passengers traveling to the PRC will also face other mandatory health screening requirements. These may include mandatory testing and access restrictions to public transportation.
Exit bans from Chinese authorities
Increasingly, the Chinese government is using exit bans to keep foreigners in the country. These bans can range from criminal investigations and civil disputes to commercial investigations. The government has used these bans to deter American citizens and other foreigners from leaving China.
In the past two years, two dozen American citizens have been unable to leave China. These bans have created a de facto hostage situation for American citizens, as well as foreigners. Chinese officials have also used exit bans to deter foreign businessmen from leaving the country.
Last week, China allowed an American man to leave the country after he had been under an exit ban for more than four years. In a case that has captivated the nation, Chinese authorities have kept American businessman Richard O’Halloran in China since 2014. O’Halloran was traveling to Shanghai to settle a business dispute when he was stopped at an airport and denied entry. O’Halloran was not told why he was banned from leaving China, and was also compelled to testify in a criminal case against his father-in-law.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a risk
JE is a disease that is a major cause of viral encephalitis in Asia and is also the most common type of viral meningoencephalitis in South-East Asia (SEA). JE can be acquired by contact with infected mosquitoes. It can be asymptomatic in most cases, but in rare cases it can progress to convulsions.
Japanese encephalitis is endemic in many parts of Asia. It is spread through mosquitoes and birds that feed on blood from infected hosts. It is characterized by nonspecific flu-like symptoms and usually presents with headache, nausea and fever. It can be diagnosed by detecting antibodies in the blood.
Most cases occur in children under 15 years old. Travellers are at increased risk of JE if they stay in rural areas. People who work in endemic areas or in fields near rice and pig farms are at increased risk.
Road conditions and road safety in China
Depending on where you are in China, traffic conditions and road safety can vary greatly. For example, there are some cities with excellent public transportation, while others are plagued with traffic congestion. In other areas, the roads are impassable due to flooding or air pollution.
The number of cars on the road has also increased dramatically. In 2010, there were approximately 70 million passenger vehicles on the roads in China. The number of passenger cars was only 10 million in 2000. This figure is expected to rise.
The bad news is that the rate of traffic accidents is high. The World Health Organisation estimates that 700 people are killed in road accidents in China every day. This is double the number of traffic deaths in the United States.
HIV/AIDS is a significant risk
Regardless of where you are visiting in China, you should be aware of HIV/AIDS. It is one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in the world. To avoid contracting HIV, you should take precautions, talk to your health care provider, and use common sense.
The HIV epidemic in China is rapidly expanding. Most of the cases are among people who inject drugs. However, there are also cases of sexual transmission. People who live in HIV-positive communities are more likely to share injecting equipment, and also are more likely to have sex with someone who is infected with HIV.
There are four high risk groups: injecting drug users (IDUs), commercial sex workers (CSWs), males who have sex with men, and females who have sex with men. These groups represent the high risk populations that must be prevented from spreading HIV to the general population.