Travelling within the European Union, or E.U., can be considered a real adventure. However, as you start travelling, you should do so knowing exactly what the travel restrictions are for each country, or more specifically, for each of the E.U. member states. In essence, these are the four different travel restrictions which each country has for citizens travelling between E.U. states. These are:
No travel to E.U. for citizens of Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania. Citizens of these four countries need to have a special visa in order to cross the borders. This visa is often called an ‘visitors visa’, and can only be obtained if you are planning on visiting one of the member states of the E.U. These are the three countries which have extremely high crime rates, so are not safe for non-European travelers, and are considered particularly high risk areas by the authorities.
Traveling within the European Union requires you to be properly vaccinated against the diseases mentioned above. Travelling to any of the countries within the EU without having the appropriate documentation is considered illegal. If caught, you face severe penalties, including fines, prison sentences, and deportation. However, there are some countries within the E.U. which do not have such stringent requirements, and travelling to them is therefore much easier than travelling to the countries which do require vaccines.
Visiting E.U. is a privilege, not a right. You must fill out and register with the Country of Your destination before you are allowed to enter the E.U. You are not allowed to transit through another country, unless it is an open border country. The only exception to this is for emergency situations, and if you are travelling to war-ravaged countries. However, you should only allow yourself to leave the country when you have proper identification, and are travelling through security measures.
Many of the countries within the European Union do have entry requirements. They include the United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain, Bulgaria, Austria, Poland, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Russia, and Turkey. While each country does have entry requirements, the criteria vary between each one, and you should always seek detailed information from the respective authorities before travelling. There are some specific immunizations required for travel to these countries, including the relevant vaccines recommended for children and adults.
There are also travel restrictions between E.U. member states. Some of these restrictions apply to children travelling in the E.U., as well as adults travelling to any of the E.U. countries. Some of the travel restrictions apply to people with certain diseases or who have been diagnosed with pre-existing medical conditions.
For citizens of certain countries outside of the E.U., a visa may be required. The Schengen visa is often required for long term travel within the E.U. Some countries outside of the E.U. have their own version of the visa, while others require citizens of the E.U. to obtain a visa in order to travel to these countries.
There are also travel restrictions for those travelling to or from Canada. If you are travelling between countries outside of the E.U., you will need an International Health Insurance Card (IHIC) or a Passport to travel outside of the E.U. and you must present this IHIC upon arrival at the airport of your first country. In addition, if you are travelling between Canada and any of the E.U. countries, you will require a vaccination certificate from the health ministry of the country of origin.
Those travelling from third countries to the E.U. may be subject to other types of travel restrictions. A lack of documentation can result in a delay in obtaining your E.O. visa and can also cause you to face penalties or fines. Many airlines and hotels require proof of vaccination and identity before issuing any travel documents to passengers without proof of medical insurance.
Some E.U. countries require proof of identification when exiting the country. Some countries prohibit passengers from removing their luggage during transport. In addition, all passengers leaving the country must leave their belongings at least thirty minutes before departure. These measures are designed to prevent illegal movement into and within the country and to prevent cargo from leaving the country. Any belongings left behind when travelling outside of these measures may be subject to confiscation.
No matter what type of European travel you plan to take there are important procedures that you must follow. If you are planning to enter the E.U., or other country, you should become familiar with the immigration and travel restrictions that apply. If you have questions, no matter how small they are, you should consult with an immigration, customs or passport agency in the country where you intend to enter.